What is a Certificate of Title?

A certificate of title is a legal document that confirms the current owner’s legal right to possess a property. It provides details about the property, such as its address, legal description, and the name of the owner. This document is issued by a title company or a real estate attorney after conducting a title search to ensure that the property’s title is clear and free of any encumbrances.

Ownership Verification

The certificate of title verifies the current owner of the property, ensuring that the seller has the legal right to transfer ownership.

Property Description

It includes a detailed description of the property, such as its boundaries, size, and location.


The certificate of title lists any liens, mortgages, or easements that may affect the property. This information is crucial for buyers as it can impact the property’s value and their ability to use it as intended.

Title Insurance

Lenders often require title insurance to protect their investment in case any issues arise with the property’s title. A clear certificate of title is necessary to obtain this insurance.

Transfer of Ownership

When a property is sold, the certificate of title is transferred from the seller to the buyer, along with the deed.

Legal Protection

A clear title ensures that the property is free of any legal disputes or claims that could arise after the purchase


Lenders require a clear title to approve a mortgage or loan for the property purchase. Without it, financing may be challenging or impossible to obtain.

Peace of Mind

Knowing that the property’s title is clear provides peace of mind to the buyer, knowing that they are making a sound investment.

Resale Value

A property with a clear title typically has a higher resale value since buyers are more confident in its ownership history.


In conclusion, a certificate of title is a vital document in the homebuying process, providing assurance to buyers that the property they are purchasing has a clear and marketable title. Understanding its importance and ensuring that the title is clear can help buyers avoid potential legal issues and enjoy their new home with peace of mind.